If you sustained sudden and severe trauma to your head, you may have acquired a traumatic brain injury. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, a TBI can range in severity, and be mild, moderate or severe. How severe your particular injury all depends on the extent of damage to the brain. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, lightheadedness, blurred vision, tinnitus, dizziness, fatigue, lethargy and personality changes, amongst several other adverse changes. Symptoms may or may not grow progressively worse over time.
Unfortunately, it is difficult for health care providers to give accurate prognoses for TBI cases. The brain is extremely complex and highly unique, and even similar cases have drastically differing outcomes. That said, it is not uncommon for TBIs to result in disabilities that result in problems with sensory processing (hearing, taste, sight, touch and smell), cognition (memory, thinking and reasoning), communication (understanding and expression) and behavior or mental health (personality changes, anxiety, aggression, depression and social inappropriateness). More severe cases may result in unresponsiveness, stupor, coma or, in the worst-case scenario, a vegetative state.
Though it is difficult to gauge the future severity of a person's symptoms based on the causing incident alone, disabilities resulting from a TBI often depend on the location of the injury, the severity of the injury and the age and general health of the victim. Approximately half of all TBI patients require surgery to remove or repair bruised brain tissue (contusions) or ruptured blood vessels (hematomas).
The information in this post is intended for educational purposes only. It is not designed to serve as legal advice.